Archivi tag: shade

Paralume / Come Misurare un Paralume

Paralume & Misure.  Le forme più comuni sono sei: cinese, tamburo, impero, pagoda, ovale e quadrato.  E’ importante trovare la giusta dimensione del paralume.  Generalmente, le misure indicate sono: sommità x fondo x altezza sulla diagonale verticale.  Più alta è la base della lampada, più largo sarà il paralume.  L’altezza è il fattore più significativo nella scelta del paralume; infatti, esso dovrà coprire non soltanto il bulbo e l’attacco della lampadina ma anche essere proporzionato alla base della lampada.  L’altra misura determinante è la larghezza: è indispensabile lasciare una distanza di almeno 3-4 centimetri tra il bulbo e il paralume, specialmente per le lampadine ad alto voltaggio, nonché assicurarsi che l’apertura superiore di sfogo del calore sia abbastanza ampia.

a) altezza verticale; b) larghezza inferiore; c) diagonale verticale; d) diametro superiore.

Shade Sizes

La dimensione/larghezza inferiore del paralume (b) dovrebbe essere simile o uguale all’altezza della base della lampada (c).

Shade Size 01

L’altezza verticale del paralume (a) dovrebbe essere circa due-terzi della dimensione/altezza della base della lampada (c).

Shade Size-3

La dimensione/larghezza inferiore del paralume (b) dovrebbe essere di circa un-terzo fino al 50% più larga della parte più ampia della sua base (d).

Shade Size-4

(Fonti: grazie a Google per le immagini)
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Lampshade & Passementerie

(pls enter on the italian translation)

The trim or trimming (from the French passement, i.e. the action to pass, to put in order, to apply an ornament; the early French word for lace; from the Middle English “trimmen” and from the Old English “trymian”, i.e. to strengthen, to arrange, to firm) is a decorative accessory originally, and for thousands of years, made and applied by hand, the act of embellishing and garnishing something with by fastening, sewing or attaching elaborate objects, mainly using needle-and-thread-stitches, such as ribbons, lace, fabrics, buttons, bows, embroidery, ruffles, gimp threads, frills, tassels, fringes, gallons, pom-pom, braids, etc.  Its origin is lost in the mists of time:  it is impossible to define the beginnings of this art in a precise fashion.

Passamaneria 2Primitive human beings in the Paleolithic Era, after the art of making elaborate tattoos to express artistic and religious feelings and to show the first signs of social and tribal distinction, decorated themselves with passementerie.  The most diverse decorations were created according to incoming needs and rituals: animal skins cut into strips, bones, shells, fruits, plant fibres, stones, seeds, pearls and bells added to articles of dress, bracelets, amulets and, of course, to weapons.

Passamaneria 1The weaving of cloth from natural fibres had its first significant evidence, especially in the East and Middle East, around 5000-4000 B.C.  The trimming – and sewing which went together with this development – arrived in Europe with the Islāmic conquest.  The Silk Road brought Chinese embroidery techniques to Western Asia and Europe.  The industrial production of semi-finished trims began in England in 1748 and spread quickly in France and Germany.

Passamaneria 3In 1790 Thomas Saint patented the first sewing machine.  By the early 1840s, other machines began to appear.  The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century shifted the textiles production from the household to the mills; as well the introduction to creative woven trims emphasized the manufacture of passementerie to enhance the beauty of garments and home decor.

Passamaneria 4The passementier is someone who makes and sells trimmings.  The passementerie can be applied with sewing stitches or embroidery on a soft material, such as fabric, leather and felt; with specific glue or adhesives on hard and stiff material and divided into a) for clothing b ) for home decor.  The purposes for which it is used are mainly two: a) the structural and finishing one, to cover seams, to fix hems and edges and to prevent fabric fraying; b) the aesthetic and decorative one, to garnish and embellish.

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Lampada Giapponese

1° Step.  Material :

Japanese 100% cotton fabric and two Löbbo IKEA Europe lampshades.

Lampada Giapponese 2

2° Step.  Tools :

First of all I need a soft pencil to design the template on the fabric rear side and the scissors to it cut out.  The vinyl glue (or special fabric-glue) and a flat brush to spread an adequate glue measure on to paste the fabric to polystyrene panel; some pegs or clips to hold and press it down while it dries.

3° Step.  Fabric & Template :

I wash and iron my fabric perfectly.   It is important to draw the template to cut the fabric in the right measures.  In this case, I use the polystyrene panel of the Löbbo lampshade like a template.

Lampada Giapponese - Template 1 I lay it on the wrong side of my fabric and trace all cutting lines with a soft pencil.  With a ruler I extend each line out 2-3 cm. and trace a further edge in all directions the lines were heading.  Finally, I cut the fabric carefully out with scissors or a rotary cutter.  The new cover is now ready to be glued to the shade.

4° Step : Photo & Tutorial.

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Lampshade & Frame

(pls enter on the italian translation)

An entity of interior design that develops and turns a space into an effective conceptual project and enters significantly in relation with its form: the lampshade.

Telaio Cilindro - Drum Frame

Telaio Cilindro – Drum Frame

The frame is the backbone of the lampshade, the efficient adaptation to its modern function.  It is composed by a set of elements making up the skeleton of a rigid supporting structure with which some parts of less resistance are connected.

Telaio Pagoda Quadra - Square Bell Frame

Telaio Pagoda Quadra – Square Bell Frame

A lampshade has a metal structure with two or more orders of straight wire supports holding up the upper and the lower edges; the frame has a central socket to attach the light bulb and is made of a metallic wire, galvanized or covered with plastic, usually painted white to prevent oxidation and rust.

Telaio Cinese - Round Chinese Coolie Frame

Telaio Cinese – Round Chinese Coolie Frame

The lamp saddle and socket can have different sizes: the small E14 or the large E27 wire fitting, eventually with a reducer or an adapter ( i.e. a white plastic ring, or a converter plug, that goes between the socket and the bulb), permanently attached to the shade which is directly installed to the lamp socket (EC European or BC British fitting system).

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